A Brief History of Bian Stone

Bian Stone, also known as biān shí or gua sha stone.
Approximately 550 million years ago, during the Paleozoic era from the Cambrian to the Ordovician periods, deep-sea sedimentary limestone was uplifted above sea level due to orogenic movements, forming high mountains. About 63 million years ago, in the late Cretaceous period, a meteorite approximately 10 kilometers in diameter struck the eastern region of China. The meteorite explosion caused limestone on the earth’s surface to peel off and fly into the air. In the high-temperature, high-pressure, and plasma-rich environment created by the explosion, limestone and extraterrestrial materials permeated and fused together. They eventually settled back on the earth’s surface, forming Sibin Bian stone, commonly known as Bian Stone.

Source: Jiankang.cctv

In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), acupuncture is one of the earliest and most distinctive medical practices. The origins of acupuncture can be traced back to the Neolithic era, with the use of Bian Stone. Many ancient literature record the use of stone tools for healing purposes. Bian Stone was among the earliest surgical instruments used in a time before the advent of metal tools.

Source: Sohu.com

“The Huangdi Neijing” (The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine), an ancient treatise on health and disease purportedly written by the renowned Chinese emperor Huangdi around 2600 BC, has remained influential as a foundational text for practitioners of TCM throughout the ages, extending into the modern era. This book discusses Bian Stone as one of the important medical techniques in ancient traditional Chinese medicine.
Another ancient book, “Shuo Wen Jie Zi,” defines Bian as a method of healthcare using stone tools, referred to as Bian techniques.

Source: 51gushu


Example-Bian Stone Gua Sha Tool

After the Dong(Eastern) Han Dynasty, with the emergence of metal tools, Bian Stone gradually faded from ancient medical texts. Nevertheless, it has continued to be passed down and utilized among the populace, not fading into obscurity. Today, it has evolved for modern applications in enhancing wellness, including practices like Gua Sha, massage, and more.
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